Things I like:
- when people use my name in conversation.
- when people say “this reminded me of you!”
- when people remember little things i say/do.
- when people genuinely thank me for things i’ve done for them.
- when i think of the same thing at the same time as someone else and you give each other the look.
Vegan Pastry Recipes - As Requested!
Pain au Chocolat!
makes about 12 croissants
(Note: for detailed pics of making croissant dough check out:http://www.veganbaking.net/recipes/pastries/croissants)
For the dough:
1 ¼ cups non-dairy milk, warm
1 Tablespoon active-dry yeast
1 ½ cups bread flour
1 ½ cups all-purpose flour
¼ cup sugar
1 ½ teaspoons salt
2 Tablespoons (27 grams) non-dairy butter
For the Vegan Butter Square:
1 ¼ cups (269 g) regular vegan butter , cut into 1 Tablespoon-size pieces and cold
1/3 cup cocoa powder
¼ cup (54 grams) vegan shortening or store bought shortening (½ stick), cut into 1 Tablespoon-size pieces and cold
¼ cup sugar
¼ + ⅛ teaspoon salt
6 ounces dark chocolate (60%) cacao, chopped into ¼ pieces or smaller
For the Dough Wash:
1 Tablespoon soy milk
1 Tablespoon amber agave syrup
1) Curdle the non-dairy milk
In a small bowl, whisk together the warm non-dairy milk and yeast. Allow the mixture to sit for about 10 minutes so the yeast activates.
2) Whisk together the dry ingredients and prepare the dough
In a medium mixing bowl, whisk together the bread flour and 1 ¼ cups of the all-purpose flour, sugar and salt.
If using an electric stand mixer
Add the non-dairy milk to the bowl of an electric mixer fitted with a dough hook. Add the flour mixture and knead until the dough forms a sticky ball, about 5 minutes. Add the 2 Tablespoons of Vegan Butter, one Teaspoon at a time and mix the dough as you did above for another 5 minutes or until the dough forms a smooth sticky ball. If the dough is too wet and doesn’t come away from the sides of the bowl, add the remaining ¼ cup of all-purpose flour in 1 Tablespoon increments until you get the desired texture.
If mixing by hand
Add the non-dairy milk to a medium mixing bowl. Add the flour mixture and knead on a lightly floured surface for about 5 minutes. Transfer the mixture back to the medium mixing bowl, add the Vegan Butter in ½ Tablespoon pieces and use a mixing spoon to stir the dough in a circular motion. Switch stirring directions a couple times to thoroughly develop the gluten until the mixture forms a sticky ball, about 5 more minutes. If the dough is too wet and doesn’t come away from the sides of the bowl, add the remaining ¼ cup of all-purpose flour in 1 Tablespoon increments until you get the desired texture.
3) Chill the dough so it hydrates and the gluten relaxes
Roll the dough into a ball and use a sharp knife to cut an X shape into the top, extending halfway through the dough. Place the dough in a medium mixing bowl, cover with plastic wrap or place a plate on top and refrigerate for at least two hours.
4) Prepare the vegan buter square
In a medium mixing bowl add the 2 ½ sticks of Vegan Butter pieces, cocoa powder, the half stick of shortening pieces, sugar, salt and mix on low until just combined. Place the mixture on a sheet of plastic wrap and use a bench scraper to shape to a rough 7 inch square. Wrap the Vegan Butter square in the plastic wrap and shape it to a more accurate square. Refrigerate for at least one hour.
5) Roll out the dough an make a vegan butter envelope
Place the dough on a lightly floured surface, coat your rolling pin with four and roll out along the X to 11 inches square. Roll three times in each direction using long even strokes, dusting your rolling pin with flour as necessary. Remove the Vegan Butter from the plastic wrap and place it diagonally on top of the dough. Fold the corners of the dough over the Vegan Butter as if you’re wrapping it like a gift. Pinch the dough ends together to seal.
6) Roll the dough out and make your turns
Use a rolling pin to lightly tap the dough, starting from the center and working your way towards the edges until the square becomes bigger. This helps make the fat pliable so it can be rolled with the dough.
Carefully roll the dough out to 14 inches square. Feel free to dust the dough with flour if it begins to stick to anything. Fold the dough in three folds like a tri-fold business letter. This is known as a turn in the laminated dough world.
Now turn the dough 180 degrees and fold it in three folds again so it turns into a square. This counts as another turn. Wrap the dough in plastic wrap and refrigerate it from one hour to three days. The refrigeration allows the fats to resolidify and the gluten in the dough to relax. This causes the dough to become more pliable and elastic while maintaining its strength. Now is a great time to take a break for a day or so if you need to. It’s important to not let the dough sit in the refrigerator for more than 3 days because it can start to discolor.
7) Continue your turns
Repeat Step 5 again so you have a total of four turns. This will give you a total of 243 layers of fat and dough.
8) Shape the croissants
Line two baking sheets with parchment paper. Roll out onto a liberally floured surface to a 20 inch square. Using a pizza cutter and a ruler, cut the dough into 4 equal 10 inch squares. Cut each square into three pieces to make a total of 12 rectangles. Each rectangle should measure about 10 x 3 ¼ inches.
Transfer 6 croissant rectangles to one of the baking sheets and space them evenly, taking care to lay the dough on the side that was previously facing up. Flipping the dough on its other side ensures that the best side of the dough is on the outside and the croissants look as good as possible. Transfer the 6 other croissant pieces to the other baking sheet in the same manner.
Place 1 ½ Tablespoon chopped chocolate pieces in the middle of a dough rectangle. This is the maximum amount of chocolate you can pack into a croissant without the chocolate excessively oozing out of the sides during baking. Fold the dough over the chocolate like a tri-fold business letter, ensure the sides are sealed then flip the croissant over, seam side down. Do this for the remaining dough rectangles.
9) Allow the croissants to rise
Preheat your oven to 400F (204C). Loosely cover the croissants with plastic wrap and allow them to rise until barely puffy which should take about 60 minutes. They are not intended to double in size.
10) Prepare the dough wash
In a small mixing bowl whisk together the soy milk and agave syrup until smooth. This dough wash will give your croissants a slightly shiny, crispy exterior.
11) Bake to perfection
Brush the croissants and bake until they’re a rich brown, about 20 minutes. Rotate the baking sheets on the racks and front to back halfway through the baking duration. Cool the croissants on a wire rack and serve warm. Croissants can be stored at room temperature for 2 days or 2 weeks in the freezer if thoroughly wrapped in plastic.